Konya, Bursa, Edirne, Amasya
- City of Clemency; Konya and Mevlana Dergah
Konya is the magical city of Anatolia and namely saying the essence of Anatolia can be felt in this city. From ancient communities to Seljuk Rulers, the city hosted various civilizations. You may visit ancient city remains like Catahoyuk and Cilistra additionally splendid archaeological exploits like, Sumbul Church, Great Water Cistern Chapel, Hadj Plank Chapel and Double Sirahane or as you wish Eflatunpinar, a Hittite monument that stands for the Gods supporting the sky.
Ottoman Rulers had been solicitous about Konya, mostly for one reason, Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi and the former lodge of the whirling dervishes; whom indulgence, love and thoughts on relationship between man and god has been remarkable for ages. Calling the lodge a mere museum, however, makes it sound dead and stale, but the truth couldn’t be more different. As one of the biggest pilgrimage centres in Turkey, the lodge contains the tomb and shrine of the Mevlana, or Rumi. Mevlana’s successor Hüsamettin Çelebi built a mausoleum (Kubbe-i-Hadra) over the grave of his master. The Seljuk construction, under architect Behrettin Tebrizli, was finished in 1274. Gürcü Hatun, the wife of the Seljuk Emir Suleyman Pervane, and Emir Alameddin Kayser funded the construction.
Several sections were added to dome until 1854. Selim I decorated the interior and performed the woodcarving of the catafalques. The dervish lodge (tekke) includes a semahane, where the ritual sema or whirling ceremony takes place, a sadirvan for ritual ablutions, a library, living and teaching quarters, and the mausoleum housing the tomb of Celaleddin Rumi, founder of the sect and later awarded the honorable title of Mevlana. His epitaph reads: “Do not seek our tombs on this earth – our tombs are in the hearts of the enlightened.”
The mausoleum room is ornamented with high examples of Ottoman Art; Islamic script and enameled reliefs, and contains several important figures of the dervish order. The main tomb enclosed behind a silver gate crafted in 1597 is that of Mevlana and tomb of his father, Bahaeddin Veled, is upright and adjacent to his son’s, a position that signifies respect.
Konya doesn’t consist of Mevlana, among various religious monuments you may visit Seljuk Pavilion, Sahip Ata Medrese, Mevlana Medrese, Sircali Medrese, Karatay Medrese, Aziziye Mosque, Esrefoglu Mosque (Beysehir), Selimiye Mosque and more.
- Bursa, Where History and Nature Meets
Bursa is one of prosperous cities of Turkey where wonders of nature meet historical monuments due to rich past. Bursa has always been a meritorious city since Roman Empire and wes the first capital of Ottoman Empire which was built on intersection of Silk Road and Roman Empire Roads. The city clings to the slopes of Uludag, the Bithynian Mount Olympus, and thus the surrounding forests gave its nickname: “Green Bursa”. Since Roman and Byzantium era thermal baths and spas are attracting tourist attention.
Ottoman Emperors erected marvelous monuments in the Early Ottoman Style, which is corner stone as leaving Seljuk Turkish architecture behind and developing a new Ottoman architecture based on partly Persian and Byzantine expression.
Muradiye-Hudavendigar Mosque and tomb is an architectural complex where and archeophili should definitely see. Also, Ulu Cami, a high-tide example of Seljuk-Turkish architectural expression in which there is small fountain where prayers may ablate. Green Mosque and Muradiye Mosque could be interpreted as footsteps of empyreal architecture, with turquoise tile work, magnitude, and location. Emir Sultan Mosque is in Ottoman rococo building, named after great dervish. First two rulers of Ottoman Empire have engraved in the city, Orhan and Osman Gazi Tombs, might be visited at the center of the city. As one of Turkey’s premier spa resorts, Çekirge has most of the city’s finer, more comfortable, more upscale hotels, though there are still serviceable hotels in the city center.
Bursa has a shopping district which includes adjoining caravanserais, like Koza (Silkwork Cocoon) Han, the İpek (Silk) Han actually sprawls far beyond the historic bazaar buildings and offers a bewildering array of items. Silk, particularly silk scarves, are a specialty, as are Karagöz shadow puppets.
You may also have winter holiday in Bursa, Uludag where winter sports are popular. A teleferik (cable car) east of the city center takes you to near the summit, for hiking (or just some fresh, cool air) in summer, and for skiing in winter.
- Hometown of Ottoman Rulers; Edirne
Edirne had been Ottoman capital city between 1365 and 1453, afterwards as being the gate to Europe, it maintained importance and was a resting and provision stop for military campaign. All Ottoman Empires had invested the city and some princes were raised in Edirne Palace. Also, before Ottoman and Byzantine Empire; Roman civilization built cisterns and such monuments to the city.
One of the most symbolic monuments of Ottoman Empire, Selimiye Mosque, built by the veteran architect Mimar Sinan which he called “my masterpiece”. The building has a remarkable architectural feature; it was first religious building to bond under a single dome. The inner space can be comprehended with one glance and with marble, tile and calligraphic ornaments makes that impression stronger. Outer yards had religious building and social complex. The mosque is fomous fot the upside-down tulip under the mimber.
Prominent mosques with architectural and historical significance such as Yildirim Mosque, Old Mosque, Muradiye Mosque, Serefeli Mosque and Beyazit II Mosque, and The Edirne Palace, another grand structure symbolizing the proud reign of Sultan Murat II. These are magnificent reasons to visit Edirne this summer. Ottoman Style minarets and elaborate marble works are remarkable in buildings. The city of Edirne is strewn with many old bridges that stand till date with their ancient charm. The Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum and Archeological museum are also good options for taking a broad view of Edirne`s historical wealth.
Amasya offers many attractions for tourists with beautiful landscape, tempting historical monuments and natural wealth. City had been prosperous since Mongol Ilhani rulers and a learning center of Ottoman Princes.
As well as princes, trained artists, poets and dervishes prospered the city over the years as a learning center of Ottoman Empire. Sultan Bayezid commissioned a Kulliye as a theological school which you can still visit. The building erects as an example of the sideways residential mosque architecture popular in the later 14th Century. The Haliliye Theology School and the Kapi Aga Theology School are the other important Theology schools in Amasya. Some of the mosques that you must not miss are the Gumuslu Mosque, Bayezid Pasha Mosque, Sofular Abdullah Pasha Mosque, and the Abide Hatun Mosque. Most fascinating parts of Amasya are the houses along the shore of Yesilirmark River. The Hazeranlar Mansion is a particularly attractive building, this mansion was built in the year 1872 by Pronvincial Treasurer (defterdar) Hasan Talat Efendi and named after his sister Hazeran Hanim. This is a shining example of the elegant architectural designs of the Ottoman period. The Hazeranlar Mansion has been restored recently and now houses an art gallery and an ethnographical museum.
Another place to visit is The Amasya Castle located on the Harsane Mountain, west of the Yesilirmak River. The castle has four gates and a water-well, ruins of mosques, and a dungeon. There is a laddered underground pathway that reaches below the river bed to the tombs of kings dating as far back as 3rd century BC. Ferhat Water canal was the town`s source of water supply during the Hellenistic period. This canal is 75 meters wide and 18kms. long. It was built by digging tunnels at some places and building brick walls in others.